I found this article to be very enlightening.
I admit, I knew probably less than I should have.. basically, if it looks like garbage .. mash the keys, produce different charsets and hope it works on one of them.
Here are my lingering questions, if anyone has any insight:
Should a php/html/what-have-you file
charset100% of the time match the encoding of the file? Somehow I never put 1+1 together that a file can be encoded differently than what the
charsetis set to in meta info.
In what situation might you use ISO-8859-1 instead of UTF-8?
I understand that encodings were originally meant to be passed in the header, and later allowed to be written in the html/email itself... but if the encoding is already in the file itself, why must it be written in the file?